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Here is a very rough guide to loading your caravan based on what others say and experience of towing a caravan for near 30 years now......"blimey writing that gave me a bit of a fright" So if you don't agree let me know in the comments below but basically I think it comes down to common sense when you look at the image. What do your think?

If you look at the image you see the beloved caravan sitting on a single axle (the wheels) that being the only place it is connected to the road so all  the load must be centered there right?. So it would make sense to me to stick the heavy items over that area leaving the wheels to take the strain as they are already doing and not causing a weight diffrence front or rear.

Think of a seesaw.... sit in the middle and nothing happens, sit on one end or the other and.....whoops, you are on your bum.

Put heavy items at the back and you are causing the nose and the rear of the car to go up, put heavy items at the front and you cause the nose to go down and the front of the car to go up.....either of which causes stability issues. In some cases you might not actually see this if you look at the caravan and tow car but you will feel it when you start towing.

So it then comes down to you. Awning etc (heavy) then over the wheels, couple of packs of loo roll and kitchen roll (light) over head and so on, you get the picture I am sure. 

Then I always try to load lighter as I move to the front and rear as ilustrated above but also remember you do need noseweight and you can purchase Noseweight Gauges cheaply.

Fixed beds, lovely things and I love ours and all that lovely storage below!......Don't be tempted! Just keep in mind the above image and store just light things underneath. Go over a bump in the road or something and that heavy stuff could leave the caravan floor and what goes up! 

Think of a long plastic measure and what happened when you were at school and used to hold one end down on the desk and bend the free end.

I also don't like stuff moving around so anything that goes in a cupboard or on the floor (I avoid this as much as possible) gets packed tight. If your caravan does get a twitch on for some reason the last thing you want is stuff moving about and adding momentum. 

Weights: This article wasn't really intended to go into technical details but calculating the weight of what you carry or want to carry, noseweights etc  is very important. Here though is a good and easy to understand quote from Bailey of Bristol

"Calculating this weight carrying capacity, or payload, is as simple as subtracting one figure from another – the Mass in Running Order MRO (lower figure) from the Maximum Technically Permissable Laden Mass MTPLM (higher figure)."

"Both of these figures can be found in the handbook or on the data sticker on the side of the caravan. The difference between the figures will tell you, in kilos, how much you can pack." 

 

And a summary below again from Bailey

  • The heaviest items – awning, heavy pots & pans, - should be loaded low down and over the axle.
  • The medium weight items – bags, etc. - should also be loaded low down, possibly under the seats, but keep heavier items as close to the axle as possible.
  • Light items – clothing, etc. - can be loaded higher up in the roof lockers or wardrobe, just be aware that the higher the weight, the more it affects your caravan’s centre of gravity.
  • Also, avoid putting too much weight at either end of the caravan, especially if you have a fixed-bed towards the rear with oodles of space, as it can act like a pendulum.

and I have provided the link to article below

That's about it really, if you want mathmatical equations and the science behind loading a caravan then google "caravan loading" and you will get loads of really good stuff from the big Clubs and Manufactures but if you want the basics I hope the above has helped.

There are some great articles about loading for further reading and they can be found on the following links

Bailey of Bristol

Out & About Live

Finally how about a good video from Andrew Ditton and Caravan Guard who know far more than I do about the rights and wrongs